Reference Material - For Information Only!
Over time we have collected a lot of reference material.
We figured it would be better to share with all rather than just delete it.
If you want it, keep it, otherwise just delete it.
Due to the volume it will take more than one mailing.
An Unconstitutional Law Is Void
From the 16th American Jurisprudence, Second Edition, Section 177:
"The general misconception is that any statute passed by legislators bearing the appearance of law constitutes the law of the land. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and any statute, to be valid, must be in agreement. It is impossible for both the Constitution and a law violating it to be valid; one must prevail. This is succinctly stated as follows:
"The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law, but is wholly void, and ineffective for any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment, and not merely from the date of the decision so branding it. As unconstitutional law, in legal contemplation, is as inoperative as if it had never been passed. Such a statute leaves the question that it purports to settle just as it would be had the statute not been enacted."
"Since an unconstitutional law is void, the general principles follow that it imposes no duties, confers no right, creates no office, bestows no power or authority on anyone, affords no protection, and justifies no acts performed under it..."
"A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing valid law. Indeed, in so far as a statute runs counter to the fundamental law of the land, it is superseded thereby. No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law and no courts are bound to enforce it."
Any court, government or government officer who acts in violation of, in opposition or contradiction to the foregoing, by his, or her, own actions, commits treason and invokes the self-executing Sections 3 and 4 of the 14th Amendment and vacates his, or her, office. It is the duty of every lawful American Citizen to oppose all enemies of this Nation, foreign and DOMESTIC.
What the phrase Federal Court means
Subject: What the phrase "Federal Court" means... Here is something you might want to share.
We in America have what is called a Federal District Court. These courts are the lowest courts in the federal court system, (excluding the federal bankruptcy courts.)
The word "Federal" comes from the Latin word "foedus," meaning "Foul, hideous, revolting, vile, disgraceful, filthy, disgusting, or repulsive."
The word District comes from the Latin: districtus and distringere. Further break down reveals that dis- (prefix) means "rich, having or containing or bringing wealth."
Dis- is also a name of "Pluto, god of the Lower World."
On the other hand, _trictus (suffix) has the meaning: "nonsense; vexation, troubles; [to] behave in an evasive manner; trifle/delay/dally; [to] cause trouble; [to] pull/play tricks."
Distringere means to "stretch out/apart; detain; distract; pull in different directions."
Therefore, a Federal District Court is a foul, hideous, revolting, vile, disgraceful, filthy, disgusting, or repulsive court of Pluto, a demon god, used to bring wealth through all sorts of nonsense, vexation, troubles, evasiveness, trifling, delays, dallying, troubles, and tricks; all employed to stretch apart, detain, distract, and pull in different directions - the parties of the litigation.
The Supreme Court has said on numerous occasions that the term "willfulness" means:
"as construed by our prior decisions in criminal tax cases, requires the Government to prove that the law imposed a duty on the defendant, that the defendant knew of this duty, and that he voluntarily and intentionally violated that duty. We deal first with the case where the issue is whether the defendant knew of the duty purportedly imposed by the provision of the statute or regulation he is accused of violating, a case in which there is no claim that the provision at issue is invalid. In such a case, if the Government proves actual knowledge of the pertinent legal duty, the prosecution, without more, has satisfied the knowledge component of the willfulness requirement. But carrying this burden requires negating a defendant's claim of ignorance of the law or a claim that, because of a misunderstanding of the law, he had a good-faith belief that he was not violating any of the provisions of the tax laws." Cheek v. U.S., 498 U.S. 192, 201 (1991) (which cited U.S. v. Bishop, 412 U.S. 346 (1973) and U.S. v. Pomponio, 429 U.S. 10 (1976))
The Supreme Court again said in 1998, while explaining the holding in Cheek, supra, was the exception to the general rule that normally ignorance of the law is not a defense for being alleged to have violated the law, distinguishing gun laws as not within that exception, by explaining its Cheek decision:
"In certain cases involving willful violations of the tax laws, we have concluded that the jury must find that the defendant was aware of the specific provision of the tax code that he was charged with violating. See, e.g., Cheek v. United States, 498 U.S. 192, 201 (1991)." Bryan v. U.S., 524 U.S. 184, 194 (1998)
In the Cheek decision and Bryan decision what the Supreme Court said the Government had to prove:
q law imposed a duty, and
q that one knew of this exact duty and voluntarily violated the duty; and
q actual knowledge of pertinent legal duty; [think ignorance of the law]; and
q the jury must find defendant was aware of SPECIFIC PROVISION OF THE TAX CODE that he/she was charged with violating.
The Government has no evidence of the law to support their willfulness claims.
Check it out for yourself.
Willfulness is established by proving these three points:
1. You have a legal duty to pay and to file.
No I don't! And I can prove it in a bunch of ways! You know darn well that I have to violate several statutes and regulations to do what the I RS is demanding.
2. You knew and believed that you had a legal duty.
No, not me! I've proven that the law does not impose a tax or a requirement to file in a bunch of ways, and the government can't even talk about the applicable statutes I am using for protections! So don't tell me that I know or believe I have a duty when it's clear that the government doesn't even know or believe it.
3. You failed to perform the duty.
I have no duty! Explain how I am wrong about these statutes that you're using against me, or admit that I have no duty! What duty?! See # 1 and #2.
from Bouvier's 1856 Law dictionary
SOVEREIGN. A chief ruler with supreme power; one possessing sovereignty. (q. v.) It is also applied to a king or other magistrate with limited powers.
2. In the United States the sovereignty resides in the body of the people. Vide Rutherf. Inst. 282.
SOVEREIGN, Eng. law. The name of a gold coin of Great Britain of the value of one pound sterling. SOVEREIGN STATE. One which governs itself independently of any foreign power.
SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like.
2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
3. When analyzed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q. v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q. v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. _208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Reper. h. t.
from Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition (1990)
SOVEREIGN. A person body or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested; a chief ruler with supreme power; a king or other ruler in a monarchy.
Sovereign people. The political body, consisting of the entire number of citizens and qualified electors, who, in their collective capacity, possess the powers of sovereignty and exercise them through their chosen representatives. See Scott v. Sandford, 19 How. 404, 15 L.Ed. 691.
Sovereign power or sovereign prerogative. That power in a state to which none other is superior or equal, and which includes all the specific powers necessary to accomplish the legitimate ends and purposes of government. AEtna Casualty & Surety Co. v. Bramwell , D.C. Or., 12 F.2d 307, 309.
Sovereign right. A right which the state alone, or some of its governmental agencies, can possess, and which it possesses in the character of a sovereign, for the common benefit, and to enable it to carry out its proper functions; distinguished from such "proprietary" rights as a state, like any private person, may have in property or demands which it owns.
Sovereign states. States whose subjects or citizens are in the habit of obedience to them, and which are not themselves subject to any other (or paramount) state in any respect. The state is said to be semi-sovereign only, and not sovereign, when in any respect or respects it is liable to be controlled by a paramount government. In the intercourse of nations, certain states have a position of entire independence of others, and can perform all those acts which it is possible for any state to perform in this particular sphere. These same states have also entire power of self-government; that is, of independence upon all other states as far as their own territory and citizens not living abroad are concerned. No foreign power or law can have control except by convention. This power of independent action in external and internal relations constitutes complete sovereignty.
Sovereignty. The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which any independent state is governed; supreme political authority; the supreme will; paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and its administration; the self-sufficient source of political power, from which all specific political powers are derived; the international independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign dictation; also a political society, or state, which is sovereign and independent.
The power to do everything in a state without accountability,-to make laws, to execute and to apply them, to impose and collect taxes and levy contributions, to make war or peace, to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like.
Sovereignty in government is that public authority which directs or orders what is to be done by each member associated in relation to the end of the association. It is the supreme power by which any citizen is governed and is the person or body of persons in the state to whom there is politically no superior. The necessary existence of the state and that. right and power which necessarily follow is "sovereignty." By "sovereignty" in its largest sense is meant supreme, absolute, uncontrollable power, the absolute right to govern. The word which by itself comes nearest to being the definition of "sovereignty" is will or volition as applied to political affairs. City of Bisbee v. Cochise
Pro Se Defined
On "pro se"
pro se For himself; in his own behalf; in person. Appearing for oneself, as in the case of one who does not retain a lawyer and appears for himself in court.
Black's Law Dictionary, Fifth edition, 1979, page 1099
pro se For one's own behalf; in person. Appearing for oneself, as in the case of one who does not retain a lawyer and appears for himself in court.
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth edition, 1990, page 1221
pro se adv. adj. [Latin] For oneself; on one's own behalf; without a lawyer <the defendant proceeded pro se> <a pro se defendant>. — Also termed pro persona; in propria persona Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh edition, 1999, page 1236
pro persona adv. & adj. [Latin] For one's own person; on one's own behalf <a pro persona brief. — Sometimes shortened to pro per. See PRO SE.
Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh edition, page 1232
pro persona (= for his own person, on his own behalf) is a LATINISM used in some jurisdictions as an equivalent of pro se and in propria persona.
A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage, 1987
in propria persona [Latin "in one's own person"] See PRO SE. Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh edition, page 796
pro se, n. One who represents oneself in a court proceeding without assistance of a lawyer <the third case on the court's docket involving a pro se>. — Also termed pro per. Black's Law Dictionary, Seventh edition, page 1237 (also Black's Eight, 2004)
pro se = on his own behalf. The phrase is two words, and should not be hyphenated. Functionally, the phrase may be either adjectival or adverbial. Here it is the former: "In this pro se action, plaintiff contends that..." Just as frequently it is adverbial, as here: "The petitioner appeals pro se from..."
A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage, 1987
Latin phrases are generally italicized. Ed. USAGE:
"You say that I am pro se. If you mean that I am without assistance of a lawyer — I agree. If you mean anything else, please explain it on the record, as I am not an attorney or a lawyer."
(Words and phrases relating: unrepresented, sui juris)
DEFINITION of the motor vehicles
"We conclude that the lower court's construction of Vehicle Code section 260 more reasonably conforms to the legislative intent and that the term "for hire" modifies the word "transportation," so that a commercial vehicle is one in which persons or property are transported for hire. Thus, "commercial vehicles" are of two types: (1) those put to the use of transporting persons for hire, and (2) those designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. In other words, vehicles used for the traditional purposes of public livery or conveyance, such as buses, taxicabs or other vehicles functioning as common carriers or otherwise, operate for a profit. Under appellants' reasoning, the act of renting a passenger automobile for consideration places the vehicle in the commercial category.
We hold the fact that a vehicle is hired is not enough to make the vehicle "commercial." In the context of section 11580.9, subdivision (b) of the Insurance Code, the predominate factor which determines whether a vehicle is "commercial" is apparently the use the lessee makes of the vehicle." Government Employees Ins. Co. v. Carrier Ins. Co. (1975), 45 Cal.App.3d 223
And coincidentally, it also corresponds to the DEFINITION of a MOTOR VEHICLE in United States Code TITLE 18.
Title 18 – Crimes and Criminal Procedure Part I – Crimes
Chapter 2 – Aircraft and Motor Vehicles
18 USC 31 Definitions:
(a) Definitions — In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(6) Motor vehicle — The term "motor vehicle" means every description of carriage or other contrivance propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used for commercial purposes on the highways in the transportation of passengers, passengers and property, or property or cargo.
(10) Used for commercial purposes — The term "used for commercial purposes" means the carriage of persons or property for any fare, fee, rate, charge or other consideration, or directly or indirectly in connection with any business, or other undertaking intended for profit.
Zip Code Use Is Voluntary
Use of the ZIP Code is voluntary. See Domestic Mail Services Regulations, Section 122.32. You should also know that the Postal service can not discriminate against the non-use of the ZIP Code. See "Postal Reorganization Act", Section 403, (Public Law 91-375). The federal government utilizes the ZIP code to prove that you reside in a "federal district of the District of Columbia ". This is why the IRS and other government agencies (state and federal) require a ZIP Code when they assert jurisdiction by sending you a letter. They claim that this speeds the mail, but this is a sly and subtle TRICK. It is also prima facie evidence that you are a subject of Congress and a "citizen of the District of Columbia " who is "resident" in one of the several States.
The receipt of mail with a ZIP code is one of the requirements for the IRS to have jurisdiction to send you notices. The government cannot bill a Citizen of Illinois, because he is not within the purview of the MUNICIPAL LAWS of the District of Columbia . In fact, the Internal Revenue Service has adopted the ZIP code areas as Internal Revenue Districts. See the Federal Register, Volume 51, Number 53, Wednesday, March 19, 1986 .
You must remember that the Postal Service is a private corporation, a quasi-governmental agency. It is no longer a full government agency. It is like the Federal Reserve System, the Internal Revenue Service, and the United States Marshall Service. They are all outside the restrictions of the Federal Constitution, as private corporations. They are all powerful in their respective areas of responsibility to enforce collection for the federal debt. So, if you are using a ZIP code, you are in effect saying openly and notoriously that you do not live in the State of Illinois , but, instead are a resident in the Illinois area of the District of Columbia (a federal district). There are some so-called Patriot groups that I consider to be patriots for money. They advocate the use of Title 42 suits (which are for federal citizens only), send mail to you with a ZIP Code, and ask you to do things that place you within the municipal jurisdiction of the District of Columbia .
Remember these individuals may be agents of the government or, even worse, are advocating a one-world government by the use of the Social Security number and the ZIP code.
So you must be aware of the movement towards a one-world government through annihilation or elimination of State Citizens by use of the so-called 14th Amendment and its related laws.
It is this writer's opinion, both as a result of study, e.g. of page 11 of the National Area ZIP Code Directory; of 26 U.S.C . 7621; of Section 4 of the Federal Register, Volume 51, Number 53, of Wednesday, March 19, 1986, Notices at pages 9571 through 9573; of Treasury Delegation Order (TDO) 150-01; of the opinion in United States v. LaSalle National Bank, 437 U.S. 298, 308, 98 S.Ct.2d 2357, 57 L.Ed.2d 221 (1978); of 12 U.S.C. 222; of 31 U.S.C. 103; and as a result of my actual experience, that a ZIP Code address is presumed to create a "Federal jurisdiction" or "market venue" or "revenue districts" that override State boundaries, taking one who uses such modes of address outside of a State venue and its constitutional protections and into an international, commercial venue involving admiralty concerns of the "United States", which is a commercial corporation domiciled in Washington, D.C.
More specifically, looking at the map on page 11 of the National ZIP Code Directory, e.g. at a local post office, one will see that the first digit of a ZIP Code defines an area that includes more than one State. The first sentence of the explanatory paragraph begins: "A ZIP Code is a
Note the singular possessive pronoun "its", not "their", therefore carrying the implication that it relates to the "United States " as a corporation domiciled in the District of Columbia (in the singular sense), not in the sense of being the 50 States of the Union (in the plural sense). The map shows all the States of the Union , but it also shows D.C., Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands , making the explanatory statement literally correct.
Properly construed, ZIP Codes can only be applicable in Federal territories and enclaves that may be located within the 50 States of the Union, and to the "United States" and District of Columbia and its territories -- cf. Piqua Bank v. Knoup, 6 Ohio 342, 404 (1856) and U.S. v. Butler, 297 U.S. 1, 63 (1936) to the effect that "in every state there are two governments; the state and the United States ." Therefore, ZIP Code addresses are for the corporate "United States" and its agents (for example, a customs and duty collector at New York harbor, when they move out into the States of the Union to perform functions delegated to the "United States" by the National/Federal Constitution, or the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Motor Vehicles, or a U.S. Congressman).
But, by propaganda, misleading information and seditious syntax, government has gotten nearly everyone in the 50 States of the Union to use ZIP Codes of address, and that creates a PRESUMPTION or a PREJUDICIAL ADMISSION that one is in such a Federal venue, or that one is such a government agent.
In general, it is well settled in law that Income Tax Statutes apply only to corporations and to their officers, agents, and employees acting in their official capacities, e.g. from Colonial Pipeline Co. v. Traigle, 421 U.S. 100, 44 L.Ed.2d 1, 95 S.Ct. 1538 (1975): "... However, all 'income tax statutes' apply only to state created creatures known as corporations no matter whether state, local, or federal." Since corporations act only through their officers, employees, etc., the income tax statutes reach out to them when acting in their official capacities, but not as individuals. This is the real purpose for Identifying Numbers -- cf. 26 CFR 301.6109-1(d) & (g) and 26 U.S.C. 6331(a) and 26 CFR 301.6331-1, Part 4.
Use of a ZIP Code address is tantamount to the admission of being a "citizen of the United States" who does not necessarily have the protections of the first eight Amendments to the Constitution (in the Bill of Rights) when proceeded against by Federal or State authority - Maxwell v. Dow, 176 U.S. 581, 20 S.Ct. 448 (1900), but, "All the provisions of the constitution look to an indestructible union of indestructible states", Texas v. White, 7 Wall. 700; U.S. v. Cathcart, 25 F.Case No. 14,756; In re Charge to Grand Jury, 30 F. Case No. 18,273 (65 C.J. Section 2) -- not known to be overturned.
Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold Standard HJR 192
AND ABROGATE THE GOLD CLAUSE
JOINT RESOLUTION To assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States.
Whereas the holding of or dealing in gold affect the public interest, and therefore subject to proper regulation and restriction; and
Whereas the existing emergency has disclosed that provisions of obligations which purport to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency of the United States, or in an amount of money of the United States measured thereby, obstruct the power of the Congress to regulate the value of money of the United States, and are inconsistent with the declared policy of the Congress to maintain at all times the equal power of every dollar, coined or issued by the United States, in the markets and in payment of debts.
Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that
(a) every provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation which purports to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount of money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy; and no such provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation hereafter incurred. Every obligation, heretofore or hereafter incurred, whether or not any such provisions is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be discharged upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any such coin or currency which at the time is legal tender for public and private debts. Any such provision contained in any law authorizing obligations to be issued by or under authority of the United States , is hereby repealed, but the repeal of any such provision shall not invalidate any other provision or authority contained in such law.
(b) As used in the resolution, the term "obligation" means an obligation (including every obligation of and to the United States , excepting currency) payable in money of the United States; and the term "coin or currency" means coin or currency of the United States, including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations.
SEC. 2. The last sentence of paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of section 43 of the Act entitled "An Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency by increasing agricultural purchasing power, to raise revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of such emergency, to provide emergency relief with respect to agricultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of joint-stock land banks, and for other purposes", approved May 12, 1933, is amended to read as follows:
"All coins and currencies of the United States (including Federal reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations) hereunto and hereafter coined or issued, shall be legal tender for all debts, for public and private, public charges, taxes, duties, and dues, except gold coins, when below the standard weight and limit of tolerance provided by law for the single piece, shall be legal tender only at valuation in proportion to their actual weight."
List of Responses to Constitutional Rogue Officials
Refuses to answer challenges.
"Sir, with all due respect, am I to understand that you're impersonating a judge?"
Any malfeasance by an official.
"Sir, if you exceed the authority of your office, if you step outside your oath, you instantly vacate your office and lose your immunity."
Attorney fails to respond to any of your motions – therefore no controversy exists.
"I make a motion for dismissal of this case for lack of subject matter jurisdiction in response to Mr. Attorney's failure to respond to my motion. By that default, the parties are in agreement, and no controversy exists for adjudication, hence there is no subject matter. Please dismiss immediately as this motion is unopposed."
"Sir, may I remind you that you are required pursuant to your oath to be impartial."
Official refuses to correct reported crime
"Sir, it appears that you have abandoned t he bench and joined my opponent."
Contempt Threat; Fees for jury trial.
"Sir, with all due respect, in Miller v. U.S. it was established that: 'The claim and exercise of a Constitutional Right cannot be converted into a crime.' (Miller v. U.S. 230 F, 2d 286, 489) Am I to understand that you don't have an oath of office?"
"Also sir, I believe impeding due exercise of rights is a crime punishable by a year in prison, isn't that correct?"
You have no Constitutional rights. You're under contract.
"Sir, the Constitution of these united States of America is the supreme law of the land. No other law, rule, regulation or code including contract can supersede it, nor can your authority as a judge, or an imposter acting as a judge. If you will not confirm your oath, you are an imposter, you are unlawful in the office, step down."
You don't have that right in my Court.
"Sir, you have a private court? Then you have no authority to hear this. I'm an American Citizen. I'm guaranteed rights. I'm guaranteed to be heard in an Article II I court. Sir, you have no authority to hear this. Step down."
You don't have a Constitutional right to .
"Excuse me sir that right was reserved back to me in the Ninth Amendment."
Adverse ruling outside Constitution.
"Sir, may I remind you that you are required pursuant to your oath to be impartial."
"With due respect, upon what facts, law and evidence do you base your statement or ruling?"
"Excuse me, where does it state that in the Constitution, with all due respect? Can you cite that f or me?"
"I make a motion by special appearance for reconsideration with demand that the Court support the ruling with findings of fact and conclusions of law, and in the absence of same that the ruling be stricken as unsupported opinion, frivolous, void, and not binding in this Court"
"Sir, you've been unable to support the ruling with law, so it's of necessity frivolous, without merit, and not binding in this court."
"The ruling has been rendered to opinion, and in fact, unsupported opinion which can never be a valid basis for any statement or ruling in a constitutionally competent court, pursuant to your oath."
Case law outside Constitution
"There he goes again, Judge, perjuring his oath and attempting to injure the very Constitution to which he has pledged his loyalty."
"Sir, unless you can support your ruling with a Constitutional argument or amendment specific to the Bill of Rights which supports the case law, with due respect the ruling is frivolous, without merit, and not binding in this court."
"Judge, by refusing to support his position constitutionally, Mr. is in rebellion against the Constitution and you must remove him from this court room for his insurrection."
Refusal to remove Treasonous attorney
"Then, Mr. Jones is in rebellion against the Constitution and you must remove him from this court room f or his insurrection."
"Sir, are you aware that if you step outside your oath, you no longer have authority and jurisdiction. Under the fourteenth amendment, you are no longer a public official; you waive your immunity, and are personally liable for your actions? You need to remove yourself from this situation."
"Sir, if you refuse to remove a confessed traitor from this court room, then you are condoning, aiding and abetting the insurrection and colluding with him in a conspiracy to commit treason against the American people by denying them their unalienable rights. You must remove him at once of you will be disqualified and instructed to step down."
The Constitution specifically states that it does not interfere with contracts. One might question, rather, when and where the contract was agreed to, and demand evidence of full disclosure, the other party, or parties, and that I had agreed willingly and knowingly. However, I doubt very much that any judge is going to tell you flat out that "you're under contract". They may know it, but they won't state it.
Let it be known that I am acting in good faith and it is not now nor has it ever been my intention to avoid paying any obligation, or performing to a liability, that I may lawfully owe. In order that I can arrange to pay, or otherwise discharge, the obligation I may owe, please document and verify the obligation and duly enter it into the record. (without prejudice), (common law)
List of Responses to Constitutional Rogue Officials
The Buck Act and The united States of America Federal Areas 4 USCS 104 113 1940
A map of the united States of America. It includes the 50 sovereign and independent states who are freely associated together in a union. It does NOT include the " District of Columbia ," which was created by the Constitution of the Union as the legal home of the "federal" government. That government was intended to be a "servant" to the Union States, not their "Master!"
In order for the Federal Government to tax a Citizen of one of the several states, they had to create a contractual nexus. This contractual nexus is called "Social Security." The Federal government always does everything according to principles of laws.
In 1935, the federal government instituted Social Security. The Social Security Board then, created 10 Social Security Districts creating a "Federal Area" which covered the several states like an overlay.
In 1939, the federal government instituted the "Public Salary Tax Act of 1939," which is a municipal law of the District of Columbia, taxing all Federal and State government employees and those who live and work in any "Federal area."
Now, the government knows it cannot tax those Citizens who live and work outside the territorial jurisdiction of Article I, Section 8, Clause 17, or Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2.
So in 1940, Congress passed the "Buck Act" 4 U.S.C.S. 104-113. In Section 110(e), this Act allowed any department of the federal government to create a "Federal Area" for imposition of the Public Salary Tax Act of 1939, the imposition of this tax is at 4 U.S.C.S. section 111, and the rest of the taxing law is in Title 26, The Internal Revenue Code. The Social Security Board had already created an overlay of a "Federal Area."
As a result, the Federal Government created Federal " States" which are exactly like the Sovereign States and occupies the same territory and boundaries, but whose names are capitalized versions of the Sovereign States. (Remember that Proper Names and Proper Nouns in the English language have only the first letter Capitalized.) For example, the Federal " State" of ILLINOIS is overlaid upon the Sovereign State of Illinois. Further, it is designated by the Federal abbreviation of "IL", instead of the Sovereign State abbreviation of " Ill." So too is Arizona designated "AZ" instead of the lawful abbreviation of " Ariz. ", "CA" instead of "Calif. ", etc. If you use a two-letter CAPITALIZED abbreviation, you are declaring that the location is under the jurisdiction of the "federal" government instead of the powers of the "Sovereign" state.
As a result of creating these "shadow" States, the Federal government assumes that every area is a "Federal Area," and that the Citizens therein are "Federal" citizens.
4 U.S.C.S. section 110(d). "The term ' State' includes any Territory or possession of the United States." 4 U.S.C.S. section 110(e). "The term Federal area means any lands or premises held or acquired by or for the use of the United States or any department, establishment, or agency of the United States ; any federal area, or any part thereof, which is located within the exterior boundaries of any State, shall be deemed to be a Federal area located within such State."
"Section 105. State and so forth, taxation affecting Federal areas; sales and use tax" "(a) No person shall be relieved from liability for payment of, collection of, or accounting for any sales or use tax levied by any State, or by any duly constituted taxing authority therein, having jurisdiction to levy such tax, on the ground that the sale or use, with respect to which tax is levied, occurred in whole or in part within a Federal area; and such State or taxing authority shall have full jurisdiction and power to levy and collect any such tax in any Federal area, within such State to the same extent and with the same effect as though such area was not a Federal area." "Irrespective of what tax is called by state law, if its purpose is to produce revenue, it is income tax or receipts tax under the Buck Act [4 U.S.C.S. sections 105-110]."Humble Oil & Refining Co. v. Calvert, (1971) 464 SW2d. 170, affd ( Tex) 478 SW2d. 926, cert. den. 409 U.S. 967, 34 L.Ed2d. 234, 93 S.Ct. 293
Thus, the question comes up, what is a "Federal area?" A "Federal area" is any area designated by any agency, department, or establishment of the federal government. This includes the Social Security areas designated by the Social Security Administration, any public housing area that has federal funding, a home that has a federal bank loan, a road that has federal funding, and almost everything that the federal government touches though any type of aid. Springfield v. Kenny, (1951 App.) 104 NE2d. 65.
This "Federal area" attaches to anyone who has a social security number or any personal contact with the federal or state governments. Thus, the federal government has usurped Sovereignty of the People and state Sovereignty by creating these federal areas within the boundaries of the states under the authority of the Federal Constitution, Article W, Section 3, Clause 2, which states:
"2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States , and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States , or of any particular State."
Therefore, the U.S. citizens [citizens of the District of Columbia ] residing in one of the states of the union, are classified as property and franchises of the federal government as an "individual entity" Wheeling Steel Corp. v. Fox, 298 U.S. 193, 80 L.Ed. 1143, 56 S.Ct. 773.
Under the "Buck Act" 4 U.S.C.S. sections 105-110, the federal government has created a "Federal area" within the boundaries of all the states. This area is similar to any territory that the federal government acquires through purchase or conquest, thereby imposing federal territorial law upon those in this "Federal area." Under federal territorial law as evidenced by the Executive Branch's yellow fringed merchant law flag flying in schools, offices and all courtrooms.
So, when you send mail using the two-letter CAPITAL abbreviation for the state, you are addressing the corporate shadow state created by the Buck Act as an extension of the federal District of Columbia, and you are accepting the jurisdiction of the FEDERAL Government within the borders of the Sovereign States!
Since they are going on the assumption that they OWN this "straw man" (which they actually do not -- and you can learn how you can take TITLE to this "straw man") they assume that whatever money comes in to the property ("straw man") belongs to the master (government).
What you are experiencing is an unprecedented GRAB for power by the "federal" government! In fact, Agents of the "federal" government have NO jurisdiction within the borders of these separate and sovereign united States , or over the "straw man" — unless you give it to them!
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